Trinitas di Antara Subaltern dan Politik Egaliter

Authors

  • Lidia Theresia Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Theologi Jakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47304/jl.v9i1.309

Keywords:

Kajian Teologis, gereja, Kesetaraan, Doktrin

Abstract

Abstract: Colonialism in human civilization has caused comprehensive problems in all aspects of life, including gender issues. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, one of the literary critics, said that colonialism gave rise to a new inferiority with Eurocentrism. When Europe became the locus of power, women outside European nations were increasingly oppressed and became third-world women, which Spivak calls subaltern. The church, also formed due to colonialism, must not take advantage of itself but must be critical in highlighting social inequality. The presence of the church must respond to social problems that occur among its people and support the creation of equality in human life. For this reason, this article will show that the church can answer subaltern problems through the doctrine of the Trinity and create equality or egalitarianism in people's lives. The discussion is carried out using a qualitative research method, which presents formulations of the doctrine of the Trinity by theologians. The explanation will then show the model of the Trinity that is present to answer the subaltern problem. Thus, through the Trinity, the church can provide theological answers to the struggles felt by humans.

Abstrak: Kolonialisme yang terjadi dalam peradaban manusia telah menimbulkan permasalahan menyeluruh di segala aspek kehidupan, termasuk masalah gender. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, salah seorang kritikus sastra, mengatakan bahwa kolonialisme memunculkan inferioritas baru dengan Eropasentris. Ketika Eropa menjadi lokus kuasa, maka perempuan di luar bangsa Eropa semakin tertindas dan menjadi perempuan dunia ketiga, yang Spivak sebut sebagai subaltern. Gereja yang juga terbentuk akibat dari kolonialisme, tidak boleh mengambil keuntungan sendiri, melainkan harus bersifat kritis dalam menyorot ketimpangan sosial yang terjadi. Kehadiran gereja harus menjawab permasalahan sosial yang terjadi di tengah-tengah umatnya, dan mendukung terciptanya kesetaraan dalam kehidupan manusia. Untuk itu, artikel ini akan memperlihatkan bahwa gereja mampu menjawab masalah subaltern melalui doktrin Trinitas, dan menciptakan kesetaraan atau egaliterisme dalam kehidupan masyarakat. Pembahasan dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif, yang memaparkan rumusan-rumusan mengenai doktrin Trinitas para teolog. Pemaparan tersebut kemudian akan memperlihatkan model Trinitas yang hadir untuk menjawab masalah subaltern. Dengan demikian, melalui Trinitas gereja dapat memberi jawaban teologis atas pergumulan yang dirasakan oleh manusia.

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References

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Cavanaugh, William T. dan Scott, Peter Manley. Eds. The Wiley Blackwell Companion To Political Theology. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2019.

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Williams, Patrick dan Chrisman, Laura. Eds. Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory : A Theory. New York: Colombia University Press, 1994.

Published

2023-06-29

How to Cite

“Trinitas Di Antara Subaltern Dan Politik Egaliter”. JURNAL LUXNOS 9, no. 1 (June 29, 2023): 1–14. Accessed July 20, 2024. https://luxnos.sttpd.ac.id/index.php/20_luxnos_20/article/view/theresia_juni23.

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