Tinjaun Kritis Terhadap khotbah Jonathan Edwards: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

Authors

  • Timotius STT Moriah
  • Sutrisno Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Moriah Tangerang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47304/jl.v8i1.174

Keywords:

Jonathan Edwards, Neraka, Allah, Kasih, Kemuliaan Allah

Abstract

Abstract: Jonathan Edwards' sermon, with the theme Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, received a negative response from scholars. They said Edwards' sermon was sadistic and frightening because hell is the most important element in Edwards’ theology. Therefore, the author uses qualitative methods, especially literature review. The author will explore primary and secondary sources to see if Edwards’ concept of hell is the most critical element in Edwards' theology. As a result of this discussion, the writer will show that the concept of hell is not the most critical element in Edwards’ theology because Edwards also has the concept of the glory of God, the sovereignty of God, the love of God, and heaven and the majesty of Christ. The author hopes that this article will clear up the misunderstanding of Edwards.

Abstrak: Khotbah Jonathan Edwards, dengan tema Sinners in the Hands of an Angry Godmendapat respons negatif dari pada sarjana. Mereka mengatakan bahwa khotbah Edwards merupakan khotbah yang sadis dan menakutkan, mereka juga menganggap bahwa neraka merupakan elemen paling utama dalam teologi Edwards.Penulis mengunakan metodeliteratur dalam penelitian ini dengan cara menelusuri sumber-sumber primer dan sekunder untuk melihat apakah benar bahwakonsep neraka merupakan elemen paling utama dalam teologi Edwards. Hasil dari pembahasan ini, penulis akan memperlihatkan bahwa konsep neraka bukan elemen paling utama dalam teologi Edwards, karena Edwards juga mempunyai konsep tentang kemuliaan Allah, kedaulatan Allah, kasih Allah,surga dan keagungan Kristus. Penulis berharap tulisan ini akan meluruskan kesalahpahaman terhadap Edwards.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adam, J. C. and S. R. Yarbrough. “Sinner in the Hands of An Angry God, Saint in the Hands of Their Father.” Journal of Communication And Religion (1997): 20-35.

Colwell, John E. “The Glory of God’s Justice and The Glory of God’s Grace: Comtemporary Reflections on The Doctrine of Hell in the Teaching of Jonathan Edwards.” The Evangelical Quarterly 67, No.4 (1995): 291-308.

Currid, D. J. Foreward In J. Edwards, Sinner in the Hands of an Angry God. Phillipsburg: P & R Publishing, 1992.

Davidson, Bruce W. ”Glorious Damnation: Hell As An Essential Element In The Theologi Of Jonathan Edwards.” Journal of The Evangelical Theological Sosiety 54, no.4 (December 2011): 809-22.

Edwards, Jonathan. Heaven: A World of Love. New York: Great Christian Books, 2010.

Edwards, Jonathan. Orang Berdosa di Tangan Allah Yang Murka. Jakarta: Lembaga Reformed Injili Indonesia, 1994.

Edwards, Jonathan. Our Great and Glorious God. Morgan: Soli Deo Gloria Publications, 2004.

Edwards, Jonathan. Religious Affections. Grand Rapids: Christian Classics Ethereal Library, 1746.

Edwards, Jonathan. Religious Affections. Portland, Oregon: Multnomah Press, 1984.

Edwards, Jonathan J. “Jonathan Edwards, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.” Voice of Democracy 1 (2006): 187-207.

Gerstner, John H. Jonathan Edwards on Heaven and Hell. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1983.

Gura, Philip F. “Edwards and American Literature.” in The Cambridge Companion to Jonathan Edwards ed. Stephen J. Stein. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Kistler, Don, ed. Altogether Lovely: Jonathan Edwards on the Glory and Excellency of Jesus Christ. Orlando: Soli Deo Gloria Publication, 1997.

Marsden, George. Jonathan Edwards: A Life. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.

Nichols, Stephen J. Jonathan Edwards: Penuntun ke Dalam Kehidupan dan Pemikirannya. Surabaya: Momentum, 2009.

Stout, Harry S, Nathan O. Hatch, & Kyle P. Farley, Sermons and Discourses 1739-1742. Yale University Press, 2006.

Simonson, Harold P. Jonathan Edwards: Theologian of the Heart. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1974.

Wood, Dustin A. Rhetoric of Revival: An Analysis of Exemplar Sermons From America’s Great Awakenings. Lexington: Western Kentucky University Press, 2007.

Zakai, Avihu. “The Ideological Context Of Sinners In The Hands of An Angry God.” Fides et Historia Vol.XXXVI, No.2 (Summer/Fall 2004): 1-18.

Downloads

Published

2022-06-29

How to Cite

Timotius, Timotius, and Sutrisno Sutrisno. “Tinjaun Kritis Terhadap Khotbah Jonathan Edwards: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”. JURNAL LUXNOS 8, no. 1 (June 29, 2022): 92–105. Accessed November 28, 2022. https://luxnos.sttpd.ac.id/index.php/20_luxnos_20/article/view/timotius_2022.